Robots are becoming smarter, stronger, and more capable of completing tasks compared to the human. It is true that robots are created and programmed by human, but they are no longer regarded simply as electronic pieces assembled to replicate or mimic everything we can do.
You must realize that robots are programmed to develop something called AI or artificial intelligence, allowing them to analyze and react accordingly based on logical calculations. As a result, properly programmed robots to make fewer typical mistakes (or commonly referred to as human errors). Artificial intelligence keeps on pushing the boundaries of what machines are capable of. Right now we have seen many circumstances in which robots perform better that human, and here are some of the most prominent examples.
Performing Tasks in Hostile Environments
To put it in a simple way robots have no fear. They are not biologically living creatures afraid of losing their lives while performing any task. Bomb squad uses robots to pick up any explosive materials; space exploration uses robots to take samples from a hostile planet on which human cannot survive, and robots perform repair jobs inside radioactive facilities. All of those demonstrate that robots, although they are not programmed to develop survival skills, are more reliable and almost invulnerable to natural disturbances.
Let us not forget that robots are not always assembled in human-like form. In car factories, for example, robotic arms perform welding, engine assembly, and paint jobs relentlessly for many hours on a daily basis with surgery precision accuracy. In any factory that requires perfectly timed assembly line, robots are more reliable because of two reasons:
- All things they make are identical to each other. It ensures uniformity in both design and quality important for a large-scale manufacturing process.
- When all products are created precisely as intended, factory saves money due to the absence of errors.
It is worth mentioning the Modular Robotics Lab at the University of Pennsylvania is currently developing robots that can build robots, so human may not be involved in the scene at all in the future.
All mechanical things, robots included, are subject to wear and tear, but they do not age as fast as you do. Robots do not have to eat, drink, sleep, and exercise to stay fully-functioning and perform the task at their full potential. If necessary, they can put themselves into hibernation for years without any problem when they wake up. They are invulnerable to diseases, toxic, viruses, and they don’t need to take a pit-stop to the bathroom.
A major drawback
There is one thing that robots cannot do quite well, at least in the present: personalized product. Robots can do repeated task with zero mistakes, but they need human to program their Artificial Intelligence to do that. However, if you want a highly-personalized item such as a custom car or a special cloth, you cannot simply interrupt an existing assembly line to make a single product for one customer’s demand, unless if it is for the president or such. A custom pottery with your name on it requires a manual labor; a professional artist can do that with ease, but robots may need reprogramming, rebooting, and testing. One of the biggest car makers in the world, Mercedes, is currently making a transition to replace robotic arms with human workers for the same reason.